A word “MINORITY” which is not defined anywhere in the CONSTITUTION but is one of the important issues of the politics of India.
Constitution is considered paramount in India, many articles of it advocate equality for the entire countrymen, but forgetting this constitution, politics is always done in the whole country on the basis of one word. That word is “MINORITY”. However, the word minority is not defined anywhere in the entire constitution.
The recent film “The Kashmir Files” has again given a lot of air to this minority term. Politics has also started in the country by making this word an issue. But the countrymen living in the country are still far away from some elements.
There are eight states of India where Hindus are a minority but only in name. India is a Hindu majority country. 80% of the population here is Hindu. Apart from Hindus, there are Muslims, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Christians, Parsis, who have minority status. Being a minority, many facilities are given to them by the government, but it is a matter of regret that they take the facilities given to the minorities but some of them never have that love for India in mind.
It is worth noting that the minorities of India have got all the facilities which they are taking advantage of, but the place where they do not get any facilities in the Hindu minority.There are 8 states and union territories of India where Hindus are minorities, but the government is not ready to give them the status of complete minority, far from providing them facilities. Just because they are strong and capable.
Know from the data percentage are Hindus in various states Jammu and Kashmir which has always been a disputed territory of India. Here Hindus are 28% and Muslims are 68%. There have always been riots here on the basis of minority, but Hindus have been considered a minority only in name. Far from the facility, they were not able to get security till a few years back.
Along with this, the number of Hindus in Punjab is 38% and the number of Sikhs is 58%.In Mizoram, Hindus are only 3% and Muslims are 87%. In Lakshyadeep 3% is Hindu 97% Christian. In Nagaland, Hindu is 9% and Christian is 87%. Whereas in Meghalaya 11% Hindus are 75% Christians. In Arunachal Pradesh, 29% Hindus are 30% Christians, Manipur has 41% Hindus and 41% Christians. According to statistics, Hindus should have been given facilities in these places by considering them as minority, but in reality there is nothing like this.
No scale has been fixed for the calculation of minority Nowhere in the Constitution of India is it mentioned that who is a minority? What will be the scale of their enumeration? How will they be identified? How will the calculation be done at the state or national level? This is not mentioned anywhere in the constitution.In the year 1992, the National Commission of Minority was made in India and a notification was given on 22 October 1993, in which Muslims, Sikhs, Jains, Christians, Parsis were recognized as minorities.
Hence, this calculation was done at the national level. So the Hindus were not included in it. Although the calculation was done at the national level, but till now it is not clear what should be the basis of the calculation of minorities. However, under Minority Act Section 2C, the central government can grant minority status to any community.
There are also benefits given to the minorities by the Government of India some are as follows.
- Free education and scholarship
- Health facilities
- Legal aid
- Prevention of communal incidents in minority areas
- Help of victims in case of riots
- Minority community can give religious education to the children of their community by opening their own school.
The term minority and the political history behind it go back a long way. It is quite wrong to cook own bread without paying attention to the harm behind it, but it is equally difficult to explain it. But now T this point has started coming in the understanding of some intellectuals. That’s why it is being strongly opposed now.
Minority Acts made by Congress Party have been challenged in Supreme Court In the year 1992, when the Congress was in power at the Center, the Congress had enacted the Minority Act and in the year 2004, the Minority Education Act was enacted, which was challenged by senior Supreme Court lawyer Ashwini Upadhyay by filing a PIL in the Supreme Court itself. It is not yet decided that who will be the minorities? And how will they be decided? So this will be a very important PIL for the time to come. At present it is pending in the Supreme Court.
The Supreme Court has warned the central government many times about the politics being done on the basis of minority and majority. In the judgment given in the DMAFI case in 2002, the Supreme Court said that
“The identification of minorities at the language or religious level will be done at the state level and not at the national level” but it has not been implemented so far.Apart from this, in the judgment given in another case in the year 2005, the Supreme Court had said that “dividing the country on the basis of minority and majority is like laying the foundation for the second partition. So this game must end.”
Despite repeated warnings by the judiciary, it is increasing instead of decreasing. Perhaps for some people, because of this, the politics of India is entertaining some people by being fun. But those who have suffered due to it. Because of this one word, those whose happy life became hell in an instant, their sorrow can never be reduced.